Cardiologists are Physicians, who is specialize in diagnosing heart problem and treating heart diseases as well as blood vessels—the cardiovascular system. Interventional cardiology is a non-surgical option which uses a catheter – a small, flexible tube – to repair damaged or weakened vessels, narrowed arteries, or other affected parts of the heart structure.
Common conditions treated by Interventional cardiologists:
Coronary artery disease :
A narrowing of the arteries which supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen.
Heart valve disease :
Occurs when the valves which control blood flow into the heart’s chambers are not working correctly.
Peripheral vascular disease :
Your heart can also be affected by clogged or hardened veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body.
When plaque clogs your arteries, it becomes difficult for blood to flow normally. Angioplasty inserts a tiny balloon into your clogged vein and pushes the plaque against the walls, allowing for increased blood flow.
Stenting is usually done in conjunction with angioplasty. A cardiac stent is a small metal coil that permanently holds a clogged vein open.